Todorova Elena

Todorova Elena, PhD

Assistant Professor at Faculty of Political Sciences and Diplomacy, First Private University- FON, Skopje

e-mail: elenatodor@yahoo.com

THE REALIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION- CRISIS AND CHALLENGES

The European Union is founded on the principles of respect and promotion of human rights and freedoms, democracy and the rule of law. However, EU member states have problems in respect of human rights, such as discrimination, intolerance and xenophobia. Global economic crisis threatens social, political and institutional aspects of European integration, including the area of human rights and freedoms. The economic downturn and austerity results in greater social exclusion, insecurity and feed intolerance and anti-immigrant violence. Human rights of third country nationals in EU member states are often violated. Severe immigration and asylum policies or counter-terrorism measures that EU member states undertake are often too restrictive and produce human rights abuses. The investigations of EU Agency for Fundamental Rights show that hate crime is a daily reality throughout the EU. The reaction of EU institutions to solve this problems and to provide human rights protection for all is often ineffective, such as the will of political leadership. However, the principle of equal treatment constitutes a fundamental value of EU. Adequate measures to combat discrimination, to provide full integration of all persons and mutual respect of different cultures and traditions must be undertaken at EU and national level.

Key words: human rights and fundamental freedoms, discrimination, intolerance, exclusion

Preferred (proposed) panel- Panel 1:  The Crisis of Europe- Political and Economic Challenges