Ermira Pervizi

     The abstract

Subject: European Union of the 21st century, challenges and perspectives in the Balkans.
The European Union is a family of democratic countries with a common cultural and historical past. It is based on universal values ​​such as freedom, respect for human rights, equality, rule of law, democracy, security, justice.
In the European Union nations will not lose their identity, contrary separately they will form the basis necessary to building the joint. The European Union is facing the challenge of globalization. Globalization quoted by Dirk Messner and Franz Nuscheler is great curves economically and socially since the industrial revolution. The process of globalization is shendron world into a large global village and the problems encountered are those:
1 – Environment (pollution, greenhouse effect, ozone layer rift)
2 – Social and economic (unification of cultures and economic crisis)
3 – Political (ethnic conflicts, etc.)
Globalization and local competition limit the action space for national policy and many problems can be treated adequately only at the international level or global scale.
Thus, European integration is defined as a promising answer to the challenges of globalization success. Organized policy as previously mainly territorial level and in the framework of national states is lagging behind compared to the organized economy increasingly global international order or free from boundaries and matter.

Therefore the state to move forward in economic terms must be integrated.
World economy at the end will be a single that given by one who is regarded as the “father of globalization” (John Naisbitt).
This specialist of Economy stated that in 1982 the so-called “Megatrends” for the rapid growth of Asia in the information age.
Another challenge the EU is changing the concept of balkanization through inspiration and support to regional integration.
1999-2000 and onwards have been a decade of progress for the region:
First. In the history of the region there has been no real risk for massive conflicts.
Second. All Balkan countries have made ​​significant progress in the installation of the rule of law, democracy and consolidation of institutions.
Third. All countries in the region have had rapid economic development not only increase production but also directly impact the economy sector.

It is not disputed that all the achievements of the region, directly or indirectly, are strongly influenced by geographic ability of the EU in promoting political stability and economic growth through more indstumentave.
EU efforts to increase the level of cooperation at the regional level in the sector of the economy.
Prospects are:
1. Continue to implement the Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)
2. Establishment of the Balkan states where ethnic divisions here included (closure of the conflict, the promotion of the spirit of tolerance and understanding)
3. working together for peace and progress fallout from the past.
4. Implementation of the Ohrid agreement.

This new phase of the EU in the 21st century requires new approach to the challenges that the region faces.
1. To move forward should the region’s ability to compete with other parts of the globe in terms of economic and social development.
2. Regional need for a new concept for unified institutionally states.
This process should aim at economic and social development as a joint project of the country in the region.
Through the system of regionalization (NUTS), issuing the joint statistics of the countries of the region and subregions brings the experience of the EC Financial means for rajoral development policies.
Restoration of dignity and pride of being a resident of the Balkans should form the basis of the process of eradicating the Balkan old ideas.