Diana Alexandra Benea

  1. Author: Diana Alexandra Benea
  1. Affirliation:University of Bucharest
  1. e-mail: benea.diana-alexandra@fspub.unibuc.ro
  1. Abstract title: “European Security: a Team Effort”
  1. Abstract body: While the end of the Cold War and the long-awaited collapse of the Iron Curtain created a wave of optimistic enthusiasm in the Western World, security threats did not cease, but seem now to come about in a lager number and variety. The stable bi-polar architecture of the international system came to an end giving way to new types of interactions increasingly involving non-state actors. Not only has the new framework brought upon new threats, but also new conflicts and new alternatives to retaliate. New strategies and new driving forces for deciding whether to take or not to take action are all part of this dynamics. The Maastricht treaty having set the tone for the development of a European Union foreign and security policy, the 2003 Berlin Plus Agreements set the frame for a much needed EU-NATO cooperation, particularly taking into account the 2004 and 2005 attacks in Madrid and London respectively. What is more, the terrorist attacks of September the 11th 2001 had already raised awareness of the need to enhance cooperative security for both the EU and NATO. This paper will therefore be an inquiry into the two organizations’ mutual effort regarding European security and will therefore address the “pooling and sharing” reasoning developed by the European Defence Agency and the possible success rate of the EU-NATO partnership. With the conceptual composition focusing on the debate between realism and liberal institutionalism as to whether institutions themselves can actually influence states’ behavior and display some sense of independent agency this study is meant to provide the audience with an account of the hardships and benefits of shaping a common Euro-Atlantic strategic culture. Conclusions should portray international institutions as rather autonomous authority fora due to their high rate of legitimacy and expertise.
  1. Preferred panel or proposed panel: PANEL 3:  European Union External Relations and Politics